The disproportionate representation of minority students in special education: theories and recommendations (project forum, final report) alexandria, va: national association of state directors of special education. Its special education students are african american despite the fact that only 18% of the subgroup disproportionality in special education in a single district 4. Additionally, this disproportionate representation of african-americans in special education is generally believed to be an implication of crisis in civil rights violation linked to schools' policies and admission process. The present study contributed to the current research base by investigating whether schools which implement sw-pbs with higher levels of fidelity were more likely to have lower levels of disproportionate odrs and oss for african american and hispanic students.
Districts is the disproportionate representation of students of color in special education (p 219) typically, african american and hispanic american students are. Bell, c (2015) the hidden side of zero tolerance policies: the african american perspective sociology compass, 9(1), 14-22 several papers have documented the disproportionate representation of african americans in school discipline and incarceration settings as a result of zero tolerance. The disproportionate representation of minority students in special education programs has been a problem that policy makers, administrators, advocates, and researchers have grappled with for more than forty years (arnold & lassmann, 2003.
Overrepresentation of minorities in special education electronic surveys were taken by 11 teachers in an urban school in upstate new york as well as ten teachers in a suburban school in upstate new york. Special education programs in this state to address the overrepresentation of african-american students identified as having mental retardation (mr) and emotional disturbance (ed) and the underrepresentation of african-american students identified as having a specific learning disability. In this lesson, you will learn about the factors that create a disproportionate representation of culturally and linguistically diverse students in special education programs. In a school district-as is the case for african american students in many dis- tricts across the country-it results in a disproportionate percentage of group membership in special education. Since the 1960s, the disproportionate representation of african american children in special education has received national attention but little has been done to address the issue national statistics for as recent as fall 2006 indicate that african americans represented 2052% of students in the.
Disproportionate representation of african american students in special education shystudent march 1, 2011 abstract in 2011 there is still disproportionate representation of african american students in special education classes. The disproportionate representation of minority students in special education is an important issue for states to address the department believes that states and leas are making a. Students were receiving special education services thus showing that a disproportionate amount of african- american children were being served in special education (oswald et al, 1999. Watkins and kurtz (2001) relates that over the past thirty years findings from studies reveal that african-american students are overrepresented in special education classrooms for visual and speech impairments, learning disabilities, behavioral disorders, and mental retardation.
Disproportionate representation of african american students in special education: acknowledging the role of white privilege and racism by wanda j blanchett this article places the problem of disproportionate representation of. Disproportionate representation of minority students in special education remains a very controversial, unresolved issue this synthesis summarizes historical perspectives and current knowledge. The study examined disproportionality risk ratios for african american students, ages 6 through 21, who received special education services in a southeastern state supporting the rti initiative during the 2006-2009 school years.
The disproportionate representation of minority students in special education has been a constant and consistent concern for nearly four decades (klingner et al , 2005. Disproportionality is over-representation of minority students identified with a learning disability or other type of disability under the ideawhen a minority group's numbers in special education are statistically higher than they should be, they are considered disproportionate. For example, if 20 percent of all black students are in special education and only 10 percent of students in the comparison group (eg, white students) are in special education, the relative risk ratio is 20/10 or 20, indicating that black students are two times as likely as white students to be in special education.