In the 1500s, spain systematically conquered parts of north, central and south america as well as the caribbean with native governments such as the efficient inca empire in ruins, the spanish conquistadors needed to find a way to rule their new subjects the encomienda system was put in place in. This was the first contact of the spanish with the civilizations of central america francisco pizarro, conqueror of the inca empire the treaty of tordesillas was an attempt to solve the disputes with the portuguese colonizers. Before the conquest, latin america had approximately just more than 80 million inhabitants, while the european population was around 60 million the spaniards and portuguese that arrived on the continent were few in number, but superior in arms and military dexterity.
The spanish and portuguese strongly influenced the languages of latin america by sami cohen the two languages spoken today are called romance languagesthe languages are spanish and portuguese they are derived from the latin languagetoday these languages are spoken all over latin america. Europeans in south america and garay in 1580 to argentina and uruguay, paved the way for the spanish and portuguese colonization of south america the spanish. Latin america has seen wars, dictators, famines, economic booms, foreign interventions and a whole assortment of varied calamities over the years each and every period of its history is crucial in some way to understanding the present-day character of the land even so, the colonial period (1492.
Spanish conquest and colonization of the americas began with the arrival in america of christopher columbus in 1492he had been searching for a new route to the asian indies and was convinced he had found it. The second section of the paper will encompass the early history of the exploration and conquest of south america focusing particularly on the comparison between the spanish and portuguese custom or style of expansion. Spanish & portuguese colonization in latin america -the caribbean -mexico -central america -south america. In both spanish and portuguese colonies of latin america the preaching orders of the roman catholic church - franciscans, dominicans and above all the jesuits - play a prominent role the voyages of conquest have from the start proclaimed one of their main purposes to be the conversion of heathens to christianity. This map shows a french colony in modern-day brazil while many european powers founded colonies in the caribbean early on, it was primarily the spanish and portuguese who were making a concerted colonization.
The spanish conquest of mexico is generally understood to be the spanish conquest of the aztec empire (1519-21) which was the base for later conquests of other regions later conquests were protracted campaigns with less spectacular results than conquest of the aztecs. Boring answer: the spanish (and portuguese) colonies started being colonies about 1500-1550 and remained colonies until the early 1800's and afterwards were ruled by spanish (and portuguese) ruling elites. The spanish conquest of south america the age of exploration was an important time period in history without which the modern map would not be as we see it today.
Spanish exploration and conquest the spanish established the first european settlements in the americas, beginning in the caribbean and, by 1600, extending throughout central and south america. The term castas was a spanish and portuguese term used in 17th and 18th centuries mainly in spanish america to describe as a whole the mixed-race people which appeared in the post-conquest period. What are lasting effects of spanish settlement on language native language of spanish spanish is official language of mexico and central america spanish words adopted.
The hispanic and portuguese world encounters in america in october 1492 christopher columbus and his crew reached the bahamas from that time forward europeans and the people living in the continents of the western hemisphere now known to us as the americas, north and south, came into permanent contact. Spanish and portuguese south america, during the colonial period by watson, robert grant publication date 1884 topics south america -- history. Spanish exploration of the new world was led by christopher columbus and juan ponce de leon, who invaded and colonized great parts of what would become south, central, and north america the french empire, led by jacques cartier and giovanni da verrazano, focused predominantly on north america. This article is recommended reading from university of auckland, new zealand and historyteachernet the role of the catholic church in the 'new world' was of the upmost importance to both the colonizer and the colonized.